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Senator Richard J. Durbin’s Response to Open Letter – Iran Deal

September 13, 2015 Leave a comment Go to comments

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From: United State Senate

U.S. Senator Richard J. Durbin

To: manrastani@yahoo.com

Sep 10 at 12:38 PM

Dear Dr. Rastani:

Thank you for contacting me with your concerns about the nuclear agreement reached between the United States, five other nations, and Iran. I appreciate hearing from you.

On July 14, 2015, President Obama announced that Iran reached an agreement with the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany (also referred to as P5+1) to significantly reduce its nuclear capacity.   This agreement was the result of nearly two years of negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran.

Iran has agreed to reduce its stockpile of low-enriched uranium, a chemical element that can be used to make nuclear weapons, by 98 percent for 15 years. It will also remove two-thirds of its installed centrifuges, which are the machines needed to produce the kind of uranium used for nuclear weapons.   Iran also agreed to allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency to have access to its key nuclear facilities and entire uranium supply chain.

I recently posted the full text of this agreement on my website so that the people of Illinois may read it for themselves. You can read through the agreement by clicking  here .

I share your concerns about   this agreement and raised legitimate questions about it myself. However, I have read through the agreement and spoken with our nation’s top experts and am convinced this is the best option for ensuring that Iran does not seek, develop, or acquire nuclear weapons.   The agreement provides regular access to and verification   of   Iran’s nuclear facilities and   supplies which would not have been possible otherwise.

In 2007, I joined then-Senator Gordon Smith of Oregon in introducing the Iran Counter Proliferation Act, key components of which became the basis for subsequent petroleum sanctions on Iran. I have also voted for all key sanctions bills and believe these sanctions are what brought Iran to the negotiating table. These sanctions will be lifted only as Iran proceeds to meet provisions of the agreement.

I am under no illusions about the Iran regime, and the United States will need to aggressively counter Iranian destabilization in the region, a task made easier without the threat of a nuclear weapon. No agreement today could have solved all our differences with Iran, including support for terrorist groups and holding of American citizens. But for the first time in decades, Iran’s nuclear weapons program has been halted   – an accomplishment no previous administration or Congress has been able to achieve.

Congress will have 60 days to review the agreement, and   I will continue to do so with diligence.   We must prevent a nuclear-armed Iran and ensure the security of our nation and that of our allies.

I will keep your concerns in mind as the Senate further considers the nuclear agreement reached between the P5+1 and Iran.

Thank you again for contacting me. Please feel free to keep in touch.

Sincerely,

Richard J. Durbin
United States Senator

******************************************************************

Open Letter Dated August 31, 2015

Dear Congressman,

As you are aware, on July 14, 2015, US administration along with other international members of the P5+1 group reached the Iran nuclear agreement, referred to Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

This agreement permits the regime to keep far more nuclear-related capacity than it would need if it were interested only in peaceful civil application of the nuclear program. Also the entire exercise of negotiating with Iranian government is flawed given that it relies too much on trust of the regime. Obama’s logic that Iranian regime is deterrable and “alternative to Iran deal is war” are misleading. Iranian regime is a criminal state because time after time it commits crime against humanity, domestically and transnationally. The nuclear agreement provides the theocratic regime with extensive relief from economic sanctions, which will fuel the regime’s ability to support its dangerous proxies throughout the Middle East.  It would be the turning point for the regime to resume its expansionist regional project, inspired by the Iranian constitution’s preamble stating Iran must spread its Islamic revolution. This means the Middle East will witness the spread of even further chaos and hostilities throughout the whole region. The IRI constitution de facto proclaims the ideological mission of Jihad; any deal that ignores the purpose of the regime’s bellicosity will not only be unsuccessful but will endanger the regional and global security. Negotiation with terrorists doesn’t prevent war, it just delays it, which is why the protocol clearly emphasizes “you don’t negotiate with terrorists.”

More importantly, the agreement fails to hold the authoritarian regime accountable for its egregious human rights record in Iran, the P5+1 has literally turned blind eye to the regime’s horrors faced by the Iranian people.  The regime has sought to cast an image of “moderation” after Hassan Rouhani was selected as President. In point of fact, Iran’s human rights situation has only gotten worse, Amnesty International reports indicates that the Iranian government has had the highest rate of execution over the last couple of years, since its establishment in 1979. US Policy makers should not forget that the Iranian people, who are the main target of the regime’s human rights abuses, should be considered as the main stakeholders in these nuclear talks.

The voice of Iranian civic movements inside and outside Iran has never gained the world leaders’ attention and their political patronage. These leaders have never borne in mind providing moral boost to the democracy-promoting political forces of Iran, neither have they shown political support for the tens and hundreds of protests of the Iranian people around the world. During the bloody national uprising of the Iranian people in 2009, Obama was busy writing secret appeasing letters to the criminal leader of the Mullahs’ regime, who has stifled the spreading national discontent in the country for decades. Obama’s administration has on numerous occasions assured the mullahs’ regime that US will not pursue regime change in Iran. The theocratic regime sees that its survival is not threatened, no matter what it does. It sees, as does everyone else, that transgressions are, in fact, rewarded. These unnecessary and unjustified remarks, while have given a new life to the regime’s despotic rulers, have sucked the positive energy out of the Iranian dissidents.

The liberal sector of the Iranian populace, whose number have dramatically been increasing during the last three decades, have been in defiance of the theocracy establishment covertly and overtly from the get go that the Islamic regime came to power. They are seeking a secular democratic government based on the principles of human rights. Today it has been the focus of much concern and criticism from the Iranian grassroots regarding the pact that Obama has made with the regime’s mullahs while ignoring the voice of the oppressed people of Iran on the agreement that is an implication of his endorsement of the regime’s dreadful human rights record at home and its active sponsorship of terrorism beyond the border.

However, US should know that the authoritarian regime’s attempts in silencing the Iranian dissidents and restricting their freedom cannot carry on for long and would ultimately fail. The timing is ripe, Iran’s economy has been going to sink and the regime’s hold on power has increasingly becoming unstable. The power of inner freedom has given the dissidents the courage to cross the line from living in fear and reaching the point to question the enemy of their liberty. They know that they will eventually prevail in altering the geopolitical equation surrounding the destiny of their country to their own favor. The regime has never been so vulnerable; its leaders fear the alliance and consensus of the Iranian people more than any foreign threat.

There is a vital need for a regime change in Iran, the free world must respond, the leaders of free world have to listen more closely to Iran’s dissidents. They must not ignore the insights of the Iranian grassroots, which remind them that dictators in particular of theocratic ones are not their strategic allies and are certainly not guarantors of long-term stability, it is the peaceful, secular, and democratic people of Iran that they need to rely on and truly align with in order to ensure the regional and global safety, security, and prosperity.

“People of Iran” is the only right alternative to Iran dilemma. This deal and any cooperative engagement with the terrorist mullahs’ regime should be stopped. The imposition of smart political and economic sanctions that target and paralyze the nuts and bolts of the leadership structure of the Iranian regime, not the populace, should be intensified. Concurrent political support and material for the struggle of dissidents, logistically and strategically, would be the next essential step to put an end to the life of the blood-sucking regime of IRI by the hands of the Iranian dissidents.

On behalf of repressed people of Iran I ask that you and your colleagues oppose this “deal” with the Iranian government before your September 17 deadline. Specifically, I ask that you vote against the agreement and prepare to override an Obama veto, if necessary.

On behalf of repressed people of Iran,

Mansur Rastani, PHD

August 31, 2015

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